Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

Каф. інжинірингу машинобудівних технологій

Automated Manufacturing Technology


1. Educational programs for which discipline is mandatory:

# Educational stage Broad field Major Educational program Course(s) Semester(s)
1 bachelor's 13. Механічна інженерія 131. Прикладна механіка (бакалавр) 4 7

2. The course is offered as elective for all levels of higher education and all educational programs.

3. Information about the author of the course

Full name Diachun Andrii
Academic degree Cand. Sc.
Academic title Assoc. Prof.
Link to the teacher`s page on the official website of the University http://library.tntu.edu.ua/personaliji/a/d/djachun-andrij-jevhenovych/
Е-mail (in the domain tntu.edu.ua) Andriy_Dyachun@tntu.edu.ua

4. Information about the course

Study hours structure Lectures: 32
Practical classes: 0
Laboratory classes: 16

Amount of hours for individual work: 87
ECTS credits: 4,5
Teaching language english
Form of final examination exam
Link to an electronic course on the e-learning platform of the university https://dl.tntu.edu.ua/bounce.php?course=5410

5. Program of discipline

Description of academic discipline, its goals, subject of study and learning outcomes

The purpose of study of the discipline «Automated Manufacturing Technology» is to give necessary knowledge, skills and ability to the students for the conscious use of technological processes design methods for manufacturing of products on the base of modern technological CNC equipment, industrial robots, microprocessor and computer techniques and implementation of the automated machining and assembly systems.
The basic task of study of discipline is the receipt by students the methods of group, machining and assembly technological processes design of mass, batch and individual types of production. The second task is mastering of generals and approaches to automation of machining and assembly technological processes on the base of the modern highly productive and economic automated hardwares and systems (technological, tool providing, material movement and storage system, control and diagnostics, management and planning). Implementation of these tasks requires knowledge of sequence of planning of technology supported by ability to form clearly basic data and developments of requirement specifications at choice and planning of technological and transport equipment and systems of providing of their functioning in the automatic mode.

The place of academic discipline in the structural and logical scheme of study according to the educational program

Prerequisites. List of disciplines, or knowledge and skills, possession of which students needed (training requirements) for successful discipline assimilation

Cutting Tools, Information Technologies, Technological Methods of Workpiece Manufacturing for Machine Parts

Contents of the academic discipline

Lectures (titles/topics)

Topic. Automation Fundamentals
Three Components of an Automated System. Types of Automation. Fixed Automation. Programmable Automation. Flexible Automation. Hardware for Automation. Sensors. Actuators. Interface Devices. Process Controllers.
Topic. Horizontal Multispindle Bar and Chucking Automatics.
Special Features of Multispindle Automatics. Characteristics of Parallel- and Progressive- Action Multispindle Automatic. Tool Slides. Design and Layout of Cams for Fully Automatics.
Topic. Computer Numerical Control.
The Technology of Numerical Control. Components of an NC System. Coordinate System and Motion Control in NC. Analysis of NC Positioning Systems. Open-Loop Positioning Systems. Closed-Loop Positioning Systems. Precision in Positioning.
Topic. Industrial Robotics.
Manipulator Joints and Links. Manipulator Design. Work Volume and Precision of Motion. End Effectors. Applications of Industrial Robots.
Topic. Automated Production Lines.
Types of Automated Lines. Transfer Lines and Similar Processing Systems. Automated Assembly Systems. Analysis of Automated Production Lines.
Topic. Hexapods and Machining Technology
Historical Background. Hexapod Mechanism and Design Features. Hexapods of Telescopic Struts (Ingersoll System). Hexapods of Ball Screw Struts (Hexel and Geodetic System). Hexapod Constructional Elements. Control System. Hexapod Characteristics. Manufacturing Applications.
Topic. Smart Manufacturing and Artificial Intelligence.
Expert Systems. Machine Vision. Artificial Neural Networks. Natural-Language Systems. Fuzzy Logic (Fuzzy Models). Factory of the Future.
Topic. Acoustic Emission Sensing and Signal Processing for Machining Monitoring and Control.
Introduction. Sensors in Machining Process Monitoring. Motor Current and Power. Vibration/Acceleration Signals. Optical and Vision System. Acoustic Emission Sensing. Acoustic Emission Mechanism. Acoustic Emission in Machining. Acoustic Emission Sensors. Advanced Signal Processing Techniques. Time Domain Analysis. Time Series Modelling. Frequency Domain Analysis. Time-Frequency Domain Analysis.
Topic. Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS).
FMS Introduction and Description. Introduction. Definition. Basic Components of FMS. Different Types of FMS. Types of FMS Layouts. Factors Influencing the FMS Layouts. Seeking Benefits on Flexibility. FMS—An Example of Technology and an Alternative Layout. Objectives of an FMS. Aims of FMS. The Principle Objectives of FMS. Advantages and Disadvantages of FMS Implementation. Area of Application of a FMS in Industry. Various Equipments and their Functions Required for an FMS. Innovations that have Advanced the Manufacturing Industries. CIM Technology. Hierarchy of CIM. Direct Real Time Schedule Control. FMS Concepts.
Topic. Manufacturing Cell.
Definition of Cell. Classification of Cell. Standalone NC Machine Tools. Single NC Machine Cell or Mini Cell. Integrated Multi Machine Cell. Flexible Manufacturing System. Unattended Machining. Features and Requirement. Differences between FMC and FMS.
Topic. Group Technology (GT).
Introduction. Definition. Reasons for Adopting Group Technology. Visual Inspection. Part Classification and Coding. Production Flow Analysis. Benefits of Group Technology Affecting Many Areas of a Company. Obstacles to Application of GT.
Topic. Machining Centers.
Types of Machining Centers. Machining Center Innovations and Developments. Axes and Format Information. Merits of Horizontal Machining Center. Demerits of Horizontal Machining Center. Merits of Vertical Machining Center. Demerits of Vertical Machining Center. Automated Features and Capabilities of Machining Center.
Topic. Coordinate Measuring Machines (CMM).
CMM Construction. Probe. Mechanical Structure. Types of CMM. Functions of CMM Computer. Operational Cycle Description. CMM Applications. CMM Advantages.

Topic. Automated Material Movement and Storage System.
Types of Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs). Unit Load Carries: Low Built Vehicle 3 Types A and C. Side Loading and High Lifting Types. Tugger Systems. Automated Guided Transport Carts. Analysis of AGV Systems. Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS). Unit Load AS/RS. Mini Load AS/RS. Carousel AS/RS. Advanced Automated Storage and Retrieval System. Analysis of AS/RS.
Topic. Cutting Tools and Tool Management in Automated Manufacturing
Tool Management. Tool Room Service. Tool Delivery. Tool Allocation and Data Flow. Fault Sensing. Tool Strategies. Mass Exchange. Tool Sharing. Tool Migration. Assigned Tools. Tool Preset, Identification and Data Transfer. Bar Code Scanning. Machine Vision. Radio Frequency Identification. Optical Character Recognition. The Microchip. Data Transfer. Tool Monitoring and Fault Detection. Experimental Setup and Data Collection. Monitoring Model Derivation. Monitoring by Sensors.
Topic. FMS Software Structure, Functions and Description.
General Structure and Requirements. Advantages of Modular Software Design and Development. Activities and Functions to be Performed by FMS Software, within the System. Requirements of FMS Software. Types of FMS Software Modules. Work—Order Processing. Data Distribution and Collection. System Diagnostics and Maintenance. Tool Management. Traffic Management and Control. Quality Control Management. Fixtures and Workpiece Control. Planning Scheduling and Simulation. Computer Simulation. General Phases of Simulation Analysis.

Laboratory classes (topics)

Potentiometer sensor calculation.
Turret and Capstan Lathes.
Planning a Sequence of Operation and a Tooling Layout for Horizontal Multispindle Bar and Chucking Automatics.
Open-Loop and Closed-Loop Positioning Systems Calculations.
Methods for Developing Part Families for Flexible Manufacturing Systems.
Classification and Coding of Parts for Group Technology and Flexible Manufacturing Systems.
Production Flow Analysis and Process Planning for Flexible Manufacturing Systems
The Machining of Rotational Parts in the Conditions of the Automated Production

Learning materials and resources

1. Groover, M. P. Automation, Production Systems, and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 3rd ed. Pearson Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2008.
2. Parsai, H., Leep, H., and Jeon, G. The Principles of Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2006.
3. Groover, M. P., Weiss, M., Nagel, R. N., and Odrey, N. G. Industrial Robotics: Technology, Programming, and Applications. McGraw- Hill, New York, 1986.
4. Chang, C-H, and Melkanoff, M. A. NC Machine Programming and Software Design, 3rd ed. Pearson Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2005.
5. Chang, T-C, Wysk, R. A., and Wang, H-P. Computer-Aided Manufacturing, 3rd ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2005.
6. Shivanand, H.K., Benal M.M., and Koti V. Flexible Manufacturing System, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, 2006.
7. Chen, X., Devanathan, R., and Fong, A. M. Advanced Automation Techniques in Adaptive Material Processing, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 2002.
8. Denkena, B., and Morke, T. Cyber-Physical and Gentelligent Systems in Manufacturing and Life Cycle, Elsevier Inc., London, 2017.

6. Policies and assessment process of the academic discipline

Assessment methods and rating system of learning results assessment

Form of final term control – examination.

Table of assessment scores:

Assessment scale
(100 points)
(4 points)
90-100 Excellent А
82-89 Good B
75-81 C
67-74 Fair D
60-66 E
35-59 Poor FX
1-34 F
Approved by the department
(protocol №
on «