Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

Каф. електричної інженерії

Electrical Annex (Electrical Stations and Substations)


1. Educational programs for which discipline is mandatory:

# Educational stage Broad field Major Educational program Course(s) Semester(s)
1 bachelor's 14. Електрична інженерія 141. Електроенергетика, електротехніка та електромеханіка (бакалавр) 4 7

2. The course is offered as elective for all levels of higher education and all educational programs.

3. Information about the author of the course

Full name Kozak Kateryna
Academic degree PhD
Academic title Assoc. Prof.
Link to the teacher`s page on the official website of the University
Е-mail (in the domain

4. Information about the course

Study hours structure Lectures: 32
Practical classes: 0
Laboratory classes: 16

Amount of hours for individual work: 72
ECTS credits: 4
Teaching language english
Form of final examination exam
Link to an electronic course on the e-learning platform of the university

5. Program of discipline

Description of academic discipline, its goals, subject of study and learning outcomes

The purpose of the discipline is to form knowledge on the physical foundations, principles of action, circuitry and design solutions, electrical equipment and consumer electric power management The task is to form of basic knowledge, skills and ability to carry out analysis and calculations concerning principles of production and distribution of electricity, work of electrical installations, their radial parts, main and auxiliary electrical equipment

Contents of the academic discipline

Lectures (titles/topics)

Theme 1. General information about electric power plant, their purpose and place in power systems. Types of power plant, their technological properties, indicators, impact on environment. Classification of electric energy consumers. Structural schemes of power output of power plants of the CES, NPP, CHP, main elements of these schemes and their functional purpose.
Theme 2. Basic electrical equipment of power plants. Synchronous generators. Power transformers and autotransformers. Basic parameters and design properties. Cooling systems. Normal and abnormal operating modes of the main electrical equipment.
Theme 3. Circuits of electrical connections of power plants. Main schemes of stations CPP, NPP, CHP. Requirements for master circuits, classification of schemes and their properties; power calculations and selection of transformer and autotransformer types. Classification of schemes by types and voltage, their properties; assessment of the quality and reliability of circuits and their applications: with prefabricated tires, block, polygons, simplified ones.
Theme 4. Electric apparatus for high voltage switchgear. Conductive parts and contacts. Classification of apparatuses, terms and definitions, requirements to them. Switching devices: characteristics of switches, their designs, parameters; characteristic of disconnectors, separators, their constructions, parameters. Current limiting devices: characteristics of reactors and their parameters.
Theme 5. Choice of electrical apparatus and current-carrying parts. Characteristics and parameters of working (normal and overloaded) operating modes of electric apparatus and current-carrying parts under different load schedules. Choice of devices and conductors under conditions of heating by currents of admissible modes.
Theme 6. Own needs of power plants. Characteristics of consumers and sources of power for own needs in part of power plants such as CPP, NPP and CHP. General principles of constructing the power supply circuits for their own needs. Characteristics of circuits and their specific devices for CPP, NPP, CHP.
Theme 7. Designs and layouts of switchgears. Requirements for switchgears, factors that influence the choice of their design. The principle of building open, closed, complete switchgears. Examples of typical designs and layouts of switchgears of different voltages and different purposes.
Theme 8. Control, monitoring, signaling, measurement systems at power plants. Basic forms of operational control. Principles of construction and structural schemes of control systems, signaling, measurements. Electric installation of operational current and principles of its distribution. Examples of principle circuits for controlling switches with electromagnetic actuator. The concept of automatic control system of technological processes (ACS-TP)

Laboratory classes (topics)

Introductory lesson (safety rules). "Measurement in the electricity system
Presentation the results and reports of laboratory work
Investigation of the structure of substation switchgear
Investigation of the scheme of substation 110/10 kV ПС 110 Galitska
Presentation the results and reports of laboratory work
Traction substation 100/27,5/10 kV
Investigation of the structure of a 10 kV complete transformer substation (CTS) on the Fedkovych str. (dead-end)
Research of traction substation with switchgear РУ-10 kV for power supply electric transport (trolleybuses) of Ternopil city
Presentation the results and reports of laboratory work

Learning materials and resources

1. Thomas M. S., McDonald J. D. Power System SCADA and Smart Grids. CRC Press 2017, 335.
2. Machowski J., Bialek J., Bumby J. Power System Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons 2008, 658.
3. McDonald J. D. Electric Power Substations Engineering, Second Edition. CRC Press 2016, 424.
4. Maffezzoni C. Modelling and Control of Electric Power Plants. Elsevier Science 2014, 176.

1. Zhou H., Qiu W., Sun K. and others. Ultra-high Voltage AC/DC Power Transmission. Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2017, 1491.
2. Raja A.K., Srivastava A. P., Dwivedi M. Power Plant Engineering. New Age International Pvt. Ltd., Publishers 2066, 491.
3. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2003, 107.
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