Syllabus

Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University

Каф. біотехнічних систем

Fundamentals of biomechanics

syllabus

1. Educational programs for which discipline is mandatory:

# Educational stage Broad field Major Educational program Course(s) Semester(s)
1 bachelor 16. Хімічна та біоінженерія 163. Біомедична інженерія (бакалавр) Biomedical Engineering 2 3

2. The course is offered as elective for all levels of higher education and all educational programs.

3. Information about the author of the course

Full name Yuri Palaniza
Academic degree Cand. Sc.
Academic title none
Link to the teacher`s page on the official website of the University http://library.tntu.edu.ua/personaliji/a/p/paljanycja-jurij-bohdanovych/
Е-mail (in the domain tntu.edu.ua) palyanytsa_y@tntu.edu.ua

4. Information about the course

Study hours structure Lectures: 32
Practical classes: 0
Laboratory classes: 32

Amount of hours for individual work: 116
ECTS credits: 6
Teaching language english
Form of final examination credit
Link to an electronic course on the e-learning platform of the university https://dl.tntu.edu.ua/bounce.php?course=4997

5. Program of discipline

Description of academic discipline, its goals, subject of study and learning outcomes

The purpose of studying the discipline: students gain knowledge in the field of modern biomechanics and study the concepts and methods of biomechanics of the human body

Objectives of the discipline: students learn basic theoretical knowledge and practical skills to solve specific problems of biomechanics, developing the ability to use the basic laws of mechanics to explain processes in biological systems and build models of biological environments, mastering modern software packages for numerical calculations of biomechanics.

The place of academic discipline in the structural and logical scheme of study according to the educational program

Prerequisites. List of disciplines, or knowledge and skills, possession of which students needed (training requirements) for successful discipline assimilation

Higher mathematics

List of disciplines based on learning results from this discipline

degree project

Contents of the academic discipline

Lectures (titles/topics)

Topic 1. Forces. Maintaining Equilibrium or Changing Motion
Topic 2. Linear Kinematics. Describing Objects in Linear Motion
Topic 3. Linear Kinetics. Explaining the Causes of Linear Motion

Topic 4. Work, Power, and Energy. Explaining the Causes of Motion Without Newton
Topic 5. Torques and Moments of Force. Maintaining Equilibrium or Changing Angular Motion
Topic 6. Angular Kinematics. Describing Objects in Angular Motion
Topic 7. Angular Kinetics. Explaining the Causes of Angular Motion
Topic 8. Fluid Mechanics. The Effects of Water and Air

Topic 9. Mechanics of Biological Materials. Stresses and Strains on the Body
Topic 10. The Skeletal System. The Rigid Framework of the Body

Laboratory classes (topics)

1. Determination of kinematic characteristics of rotary body movement and analysis of the dependence of human movement on the action of gravity
2. Determination of the position of the general center of gravity of the human body by graphic method
3. Modeling of hydrodynamic processes in the human body (laminar static case)
4. Modeling of hydrodynamic processes in the human body (non laminar dynamic case)
5. Modeling of complex hydrodynamic processes in biology
6. Researching of hemodynamic processes in the human body

Individual work of a student / postgraduate student

1. Rheological and hemodynamic characteristics of blood
2. Mechanical properties of blood vessel tissues
3. Biomechanics of the cardiovascular system
4. Models of blood flow in the vascular system
5. The work of the heart and the efficiency of its work. Artificial circulatory system.

Learning materials and resources

1. Oatis, Carol A. Kinesiology: the mechanics and pathomechanics of human movement. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009.
2. Ansari, Aneel. Musculoskeletal Biomechanics: Paul Brinckmann, Wolfgang Frobin, Gunnar Leivseth (Eds.), Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 2002, 243 pp., price£ 36, ISBN 3-13-130051. Injury 34.7 (2003): 559.
3. Vogel, Steven. Comparative biomechanics: life's physical world. Princeton University Press, 2013.
4. Enoka, Roger M. Neuromechanics of human movement. Human kinetics, 2008.
5. Fung, Yuan-cheng. Biomechanics: mechanical properties of living tissues. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.
6. Harburn, Karen. Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis. The Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 68.5 (2001): 321.
7.

6. Policies and assessment process of the academic discipline

Policies of the discipline

The policy of the subject is determined by the system of requirements that the teacher makes to the student when studying the subject and is based on the principles of academic virtue.
Requirements relate to attending classes (inadmissibility of absences, delays, etc.); rules of conduct in the classroom (active participation, fulfillment of the required minimum of educational work, etc.) motivation and penalties (for which points can be awarded or deducted, etc.).
The policy of the academic subject is built taking into account the norms of Ukrainian legislation regarding academic virtue, the Statute, the provisions of TNTU:
1 Regulations on the organization of the educational process at the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Pulyui - order No. 4 / 7-340 of 05/21/2015 as amended on 06/25/2019 - order No. 4 / 7-622 of 06/27/2019 and of 04/14/2020 - order No. 4 / 7-243 dated 04/15/2020
2 Regulations on the individual curriculum of a student of Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj (new edition) - order No. 4 / 7-669 of 09/25/2020
3 Regulations on academic mobility of participants in the educational process of Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj
4 Regulations on the assessment of applicants for higher education of the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj (new edition) - order No. 4 / 7-670 of 09/25/2020
5 Provisions on academic mobility of students of TNTU named after I. Puluy - order No. 4 / 7-454 of 16.07.2013
6 Regulations on the settlement of conflict situations in the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj - order No. 4 / 7-164 of 03/01/2021
7 Regulations on the final semester control of the learning outcomes of students of the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj - order No. 4 / 7-122 of February 17, 2020
8 Temporary procedure for semester control and certification of applicants for higher education of Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj - order No. 4 / 7-350 of 05/25/2020
9 Regulations on the prevention of academic plagiarism at the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj - order No. 4 / 7-964 dated 01.11.2019 as amended on 19.12.2019 order No. 4 / 7-114 dated 12.02.2020, as amended on 26.01.2021 - order No. 4 / 7-72 dated 02.02.2021
Regulations on the academic virtue of the participants in the educational process of the Ternopil National Technical University named after Ivan Puluj - order No. 4 / 7-969 dated 01.11.2019
10 Charter of Ternopil National Technical University. I. Puluja (new edition) - order of the Ministry of Education and Science No. 248 of February 25, 2019

Assessment methods and rating system of learning results assessment


Table of assessment scores:

Assessment scale
VNZ
(100 points)
National
(4 points)
ECTS
90-100 Excellent А
82-89 Good B
75-81 C
67-74 Fair D
60-66 E
35-59 Poor FX
1-34 F

7. Additional Information

The dependence "strain-stress" for transverse fibrous muscles is. Multiple Choice
The role of the elastic component in muscle contraction is played by. Multiple Choice
The role of the contractile component in muscle contraction is played by. Multiple Choice
Muscle elasticity depends on the force applied Multiple Choice
Muscle viscosity characterizes. Multiple Choice
Muscle creep characterizes. Multiple Choice
Weber's principle of muscular mechanics is as follows. Multiple Choice
Physiological conditions that determine the force of muscle traction are. Multiple Choice
Bernoulli's principle of muscular mechanics is as follows. Multiple Choice
According to Bernoulli's principle of muscular mechanics the following are subject to the greatest reduction. Multiple Choice
The properties of bone tissue to creep are determined by the presence of. Multiple Choice
The mechanical properties of bone tissue are similar to. Multiple Choice
The mechanical model of the behavior of bone tissue under constant load has the form. Multiple Choice
After the cessation of the load on the bone tissue, the latter. Multiple Choice
The action of synovial fluid in the joints is aimed at. Multiple Choice
The main part of the skin is. Multiple Choice
The knee joint has the following number of degrees of freedom. Multiple Choice
The shoulder joint has the following number of degrees of freedom. Multiple Choice
The joint has three degrees of freedom. Multiple Choice
The joint has two degrees of freedom. Multiple Choice
General center of gravity of the body. Multiple Choice
The center of gravity of the human musculoskeletal system is determined by. Multiple Choice
The moment of inertia of the body is equal to. Multiple Choice
A muscular engine is a chemo-dynamic engine because. Multiple Choice
The forearm in the state of holding the load is a lever. Multiple Choice
The forearm in the state of lifting the load above the head is a lever. Multiple Choice
The condition for maintaining the balance of the body is. Multiple Choice
A muscle performs a victorious work when. Multiple Choice
The loss of muscle strength according to the "golden rule of biomechanics" is due to. Multiple Choice
The anatomical structure and attachment of muscles according to the "golden rule of biomechanics" determines. Multiple Choice
Due to which process any biological object acts as a source of electric potentials (biopotentials). Multiple Choice
What acts as a physical indicator of the heart in the electrocardiogram. Multiple Choice
Arrange the following biological tissues and fluids in a series of increasing electrical conductivity. Multiple Choice
Arrange the following biological tissues and fluids in a series of increasing their resistivity Multiple Choice
What environment in the cell acts as a dielectric. Multiple Choice
Modeling of capacitive properties in a cell is due to the fact that Multiple Choice
Under the action of alternating electric current. Multiple Choice
The frequency dependence of the impedance of biological structures (the presence of α-, β-, γ - dispersion) is due to. Multiple Choice
The energy of radiation of the optical range (infrared, ultraviolet except far), as a rule, is sufficient for. Multiple Choice
The energy of microwave radiation is sufficient. Multiple Choice
To excite atoms it is necessary. Multiple Choice
Ionizing radiation causes. Multiple Choice
Ionizing radiation includes. Multiple Choice
The energy of the microwave range is sufficient. Multiple Choice
Radioprotectors. Multiple Choice
The penetrating power of radiation characterizes.
Approved by the department
of Biotechnical Systems
(protocol №
10
on «
17
»
03
2021
y.).