Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University
Факультет комп'ютерно-інформаційних систем і програмної інженерії
|Major||131 - Прикладна механіка (бакалавр)|
|Field of knowledge||13 Механічна інженерія|
|Study start course||1|
|Semesters||From 1 — to 2|
|Form of education||full-time|
|Study hours structure||
|Amount of hours for individual work||112|
|Form of final examination||credit
|Full name||Сіткар Оксана Андріївна|
Course goals and learning objectives
|The purpose of Physics Course is to provide foundations for other disciplines as well as to cultivate versatile intellect necessary for complex problem solving and future professional growth. Physics provides quantitative and analytic skills needed for analyzing data and solving problems in sciences and engineering. Lectures on physics are integrated with exercises and linked to related laboratory experiments, enabling students to receive a firm basic to advanced knowledge as well as develop, through collaboration within a group, emotional intelligence, cognitive flexibility and decision making skills.|
|Lectures||Subject of physics.
Methods of physical science. Metric system of units. Basic notions of dynamics: space, time, motion. Reference systems. Physical quantities, vectors in physics.
Kinematics of translational and rotational motion.
Mechanical motion. Space and time. Equations of kinematics of translational and rotational motion.
Newtonian dynamics of a mechanical system. Center of mass and its equation of motion. Conversation of momentum.
Work and energy.
Mechanical work. Power. Kinetic and potential energy. Physical fields. Conservative and dissipative forces. Conditions of equilibrium. Energy of gravitational interaction. Energy conservation.
Elastic deformations. Friction.
Elastic and plastic deformations. Hook’s law. Energy of a strained body. Friction forces. Mechanical energy dissipation.
Dynamics of rotational motion. Kinetic energy and work in rotational motion. Conservation of angular momentum. Giroscopes.
Free harmonic oscillations. Simple pendulum, physical pendulum, mass-spring system. Energy in harmonic motion. Superposition of oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced oscillations. Resonance.
Transverse and longitudinal waves in elastic continuum. Wave equation. Wave energy. The principle of wave superposition. Wave packet. Wave interferention and diffraction.
Molecular kinetic theory.
Statistical and thermodynamic methods. Fundamentals of molecular kinetic theory. Ideal gas model. Heat capacity of ideal gas. Maxwell distribution of molecule velocities. Barometric formula. Boltzmann distribution for particles in external potential field. Mean free path of molecules. Diffusion, thermal transport, internal friction in a fluid.
First law of thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics and its applications to iso-processes in gases. Adiabatic processes. Work in isoprocesses.
Cycles. Second law of thermodynamics.
Reversible and irreversible processes. Cycles. Heat engines and refrigerating plants. Carnot cycle and its thermal efficiency. 2nd law of thermodynamics. Free energy and entropy.
Real gases and liquids. Crystal structures.
Deviations from ideal gas laws. Models of intermolecular interaction. Van-der-Waals equation. Critical state of a matter. Gases liquefaction. Characteristics of liqiuds. Viscosity and superfluidity. Structure and thermal properties of solid state. Defects in crystals.
Phase equilibrium condition. The simplest phase diagram. Phase transitions of 1st and 2nd order. Clapeyron-Clausius equation. Matter at extreme conditions.
Electric field in a vacuum.
Quantization of electric charge. Coulomb force. Electric field in a vacuum. Gauss’ law for electric field and its application for different charged objects
Electric field in insulators and conductors.
Electric field in an insulator. Polarization vector. Dielectric permeability. Conductors in external electric field. Capacitance. Capacitors. Electric field energy density.
Classical theory of metal’s electric conductance.
Characteristics and conditions for existence of electric current. Direct current laws. Classical theory of conductance. Superconductivity.
Electric current in gases and electrolytes. Thermo-electronic emission.
Electric current in gaseous media. Plasma. Thermoelectric emission and thermoelectric phenomena.
Magnetic interaction of currents. Ampere force. Magnetic field and its characteristics. Lorentz force. Magnetic field of current-carrying cunductor. Biot-Savart law and its application. Magnetic moment of current loop. Field of a solenoid. Work at motion of current loop in magnetic field. Magnetic flux.
Magnetization of a matter. Magnetic materials. Magnetization vector. Magnetic permeability. Ferromagnets.
Faraday’s law. Self-induction and mutual induction. Inductance. Magnetic field density.
RLC-circuit. Alternating current. Power in AC-circuit.
Maxwell equations. Properties of electromagnetic waves.
Displacement currents. Maxwell equations and their physical meaning. Electromagnetic waves and their properties. Poynting vector. The electromagnetic spectrum.
Geometrical optics laws. Dispersion of light in a matter. Prism spectrograph. Absorption of light.
Interference of light.
Coherent and monochromatic light. Interference patterns. Interferometers.
Diffraction of light.
Huygens-Fresnel principle. Fresnel zones. Diffraction on a single slit. Diffraction grating. Resolvability of optical devices.
Polarization of light. Polarization by reflection. Birefringence and Nicol prism. Induced optical anisotropy.
Thermal sources of light. Kirghoff’s law. Energy distribution in black body radiation spectrum. Quantum hypothesis. Stefan-Boltzmann and Win laws. Optical pyrometry.
Photoelectric effect laws. Short-wave limit for Х-radiation. Photons. Luminous pressure. Corpuscular-wave dualism for radiation.
Wave properties of matter. Schroedinger equation.
Wave properties of matter. Heisenberg inequaities. Wave function and Schroedinger equation. Particle in a potential well.
Hydrogen atom in quantum mechanics.
Energy spectron of Hydrogen atom. Electron spin. Pauli principle and distribution of electrons in atomic shells.
Molecular spectra. Lasers.
Molecular spectra. Absorption, spontaneous and induced radiation. Lasers.
Quantum theory of specific heat of solids.
Chemical bonding and internal structure of solids. Fundamentals of quantum theory of specific heat. Phonons.
Energy bands in crystals.
Energy bands in crystals and classification of solids on metals, semiconductors and insulators. Electrons in metals. Fermi level. Explanation of superconductivity.
Fundamentals of semiconductor physics.
Intrinsic and extrinsic conductivity of semiconductors. Photo-induced conductivity. Contact phenomena. Semiconducting devices
|Practical classes||Problem solving strategies. Kinematics.
Dynamics of translational motion.
Forces in dynamics. Work and energy.
Rotational motion of a rigid body.
Mechanical oscillations and waves.
Molecular theory of an ideal gas.
Laws of thermodynamics.
Real gases, liquids and solids.
Direct current laws
Magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction.
Electromagnetic oscillation. AC current. Electromagnetic waves
Geometrical and wave optics
Fundamentals of quantum mechanics
Fundamentals of quantum theory of solids
|Laboratory classes||General information on laboratory measurements: Safety measures. Measurement instrumentation and measurement techniques. Measurement errors. Methods of error estimation.
Experiment M1. Study of translational motion laws
Experiment M2. Determination of liquid viscosity by Stockes method
Experiment M3. Study of rotational motion of rigid body on Oberbeck pendulum
Experiment M4. Determination of gravity acceleration by method of physical pendulum
Experiment M6. Study of basic principles of thermodynamics. Determination of Cp/Cv fraction for air
Experiment M7. Determination of surface tension by comparing liquid drops
Experiment E1. Study of electric field by probe method
Electrical measurements and appropriate safety measures. Measuring device sensitivity. The systems of electro-measuring devices.
Experiment E2. Determination of scale graduation mark and internal resistance of galvanometer
Experiment E3. Determination of resistance with Wheatstone bridge
Experiment E4. Determination of horizontal component of the Earth’s magnetic field using Helmholtz coil
Experiment E6. Examination of Ohm’s law for alternating current
Experiment O1. Determination of wavelength by diffraction grating
Experiment O3. Determination of Stefan-Boltzman constant
Experiment O4. Study of voltage-current characteristic of emission phototube
|Every laboratory experiment is asessed in 10-point scale and every practical session — in 8-point scale, the result for each module beeng calculated as a mean value for corresponding learning activities.|
Recommended reading list. Subject Resources
|1. Halliday D., Resnick R. and Walker J. Fundamentals of Physics. - Wiley, 2013.- 1448 p.
2. Nikiforov Yu.M. Physics. -Ternopil: PE Palyanytsya, 2015. – 288 p.
3. Giancoli D.C. Physics for Scientists & Engineers with Modern Physics. - Pearson, 2008. - 950 p.
4. Young H.D., FreedmanR.A., Lewis Ford A. University Physics with Modern Physics. - Addison-Wesley, 2012. - 1598 p.
|PhD Сіткар Оксана Андріївна|
Дата останнього оновлення: 2020-11-29 20:22:22